Software Engineering Vocabulary — Chinese/Mandarin

Due to recent work circumstances, I’ve been exposed heavily to reading documentation written in Chinese (中文文档). As someone who grew up in an English speaking household, despite being Chinese, the process of getting through just a single page document was not only agonizing slow but mentally taxing as well. It has been about a month since I stared this journey and the feeling of not understanding a thing after having read a sentence has long become second nature to me. Over these past couple of weeks, I’ve been keeping a close track and putting a together a list of ‘Software Engineering’-related vocabulary to aid my learning.

I’m sharing this list with anyone who might be interested (or in the same position as me) in hopes that this helps alleviate some of the growing pains as well. Without further ado, here we go:

  1. 文档 Wéndàng — documentation
  2. 服务 Fúwù — service
  3. 架构 Jiàgòu —architecture
  4. 注册 Zhùcè — register
  5. 设计 Shèjì — design
  6. 版本 Bǎnběn — version
  7. 集群 Jíqún — cluster
  8. 数据 Shùjù — data
  9. 同步 Tóngbù — synchronize
  10. 配置中心 Pèizhì zhōngxīn — configuration centre
  11. 主从 Zhǔ cóng — master-slave
  12. 信息 Xìnxī — information
  13. 模式 Móshì — model
  14. 生产(者) Shēngchǎn (zhě) — produce(r)
  15. 消费(者) Xiāofèi (zhě) — consumer(r)
  16. 详解 Xiángjiě — to explain in detail
  17. 逻辑 Luójí — logic
  18. 处理 Chǔlǐ — to handle ~
  19. 流量 Liúliàng — flow/traffic
  20. 启动 Qǐdòng — start up
  21. 部署 Bùshǔ — deploy
  22. 会抛 Huì pāo — ~ will throw (error)
  23. 设置 Shèzhì — set up
  24. 捕获(异常) Bǔhuò (yìcháng)— catch (exception)
  25. 抛出(异常) Pāo chū (yìcháng) — throw (exception)
  26. 挂掉 Guà diào — ~ to drop
  27. 故障 Gùzhàng — bug (in software)
  28. 容灾操作步骤 Róng zāi cāozuò bùzhòu — disaster recovery steps
  29. 带宽 Dàikuān — bandwidth
  30. 离线 Líxiàn — offline
  31. 演练 Yǎnliàn — walkthrough
  32. 单纯 Dānchún — simply
  33. 订阅 Dìngyuè — subscription
  34. 负载均衡 Fùzǎi jūnhéng — load balancing
  35. 均衡分配 Jūnhéng fēnpèi — balanced distribution
  36. 宕机 Dàng jī — downtime
  37. 优雅关闭 Yōuyǎ guānbì — graceful shutdown
  38. 组协调者 Zǔ xiétiáo zhě — group coordinator
  39. 查询 Cháxún — inquiry
  40. 具体原因分析 Jùtǐ yuányīn fēnxī — root cause analysis
  41. 排查思路 Páichá sīlù — troubleshooting ideas
  42. 接口 Jiēkǒu — interface
  43. 实例 Shílì — (computing) instance /An example of
  44. 技术 Jìshù — technical
  45. 运维 Yùn wéi — operation and maintenance
  46. 云原生 Yún yuánshēng — cloud native
  47. 项目追踪 Xiàngmù zhuīzōng — project tracking
  48. 延迟 Yánchí — delay
  49. 覆盖 Fùgài — cover
  50. 触发 Chùfā — trigger
  51. 类型 Lèixíng — type of ~
  52. 函数 Hánshù — function
  53. 共享 Gòngxiǎng — share
  54. 场景 Chǎngjǐng — situation/scenario
  55. 系统 Xìtǒng — system
  56. 重试队列 Chóng shì duìliè — retry queue
  57. 规则 Guīzé — rule
  58. 遵循 Zūnxún — follow
  59. 研发 Yánfā — R&D
  60. 事故 Shìgù — accident
  61. 复盘 Fù pán — remediation/re-continuation
  62. 业务 Yèwù — business
  63. 立即 Lìjí — immediate
  64. 指定 Zhǐdìng — to appoint / to assign
  65. 确认 Quèrèn — confirm
  66. 缩减 Suōjiǎn — reduce
  67. 节点 Jiédiǎn — node
  68. 参数 Cānshù — parameter
  69. 基于 Jīyú — based on ~
  70. 审核 Shěnhé — Audit
  71. 领域 Lǐngyù — domain
  72. 概念 Gàiniàn — concept
  73. 循环 Xúnhuán — cycle (not the physical sport)
  74. 即可 Jí kě — Can then (do something)
  75. 缓存 Huǎncún — Cache
  76. 整合 Zhěnghé — intergration
  77. 排序 Páixù — sort
  78. 规划 Guīhuà — planning
  79. 拉取 Lā qǔ — client pull (computing)
  80. 额外 Éwài — additional
  81. 说明 Shuōmíng — information/explanation
  82. 逐步 Zhúbù — step-by-step
  83. 扩展 Kuòzhǎn — expand
  84. 相应 Xiāngyìng — corresponding/ relevant/ appropriate
  85. 频繁Pínfán — frequent
  86. 排除 Páichú — exclude
  87. 导致 Dǎozhì — lead to
  88. 细节 Xìjié — details/particulars
  89. 强调 Qiángdiào — emphaize
  90. 交流 Jiāoliú — communicate
  91. 将Jiāng-will
  92. 过滤Guòlǜ — filter
  93. 术语 Shùyǔ — terminology
  94. 解释 Jiěshì — explain
  95. 负责 Fùzé — responsible for ~
  96. 监控 Jiānkòng — to monitor
  97. 告警 Gàojǐng — to report
  98. 顺序 Shùnxù — sequence, order
  99. 规模 Guīmó — scale [noun]
  100. 暴露 Bàolù — to expose; to reveal; to lay bare
  101. 稳定 Wěndìng — stability
  102. 存储 Cúnchú — to store; memory; storage
  103. 实际 Shíjì — actual
  104. 拷贝 kǎobèi — copy (loanword — i.e. it sounds like copy)
  105. 策略 cèlüè — strategy; tactics
  106. 磁盘 cípán — (computer) disk
  107. 瓶颈 píngjǐng — bottleneck
  108. 调度 Diàodù — scheduling
  109. 恢复 Huīfù — recover
  110. 持久化存储 Chíjiǔ huà cúnchú — persistent storage
  111. 弹性 tánxìng — elasticity; flexibility
  112. 目录 mùlù — directory (on computer hard drive); list; contents

And…. there we go. For those who have a better command of Chinese than I do, I understanding that some of the translations might not be wholly precise, but they should capture the spirit of the word — feel free to let me know, will correct it once it’s double checked!

I’ll continue to build upon this list every week, so do drop a follow if you’re interested as well 😊. If anyone wishes to contribute to this list, do leave a comment on some of terms/phrases that you encountered, I would love to add them in.

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Darryl Leong

Darryl Leong

I write sometimes because its fun